Raspberry cultivation sheet

Bloom
May to October
Exposure
shaded
Floor
light, fresh, rich
Planting
November to March
Harvest
end of June and July to October

The raspberry plant is planted in a free hedge, or better, trellised in a fan on iron wires stretched on two levels at 40 cm from the ground and 1 m.

When and how to plant raspberries?

What exposure for raspberries?

Of course, the raspberry is an edge plant; it can therefore grow in partial shade. But so that it bears fruit to the maximum and that it develops very sweet berries, install it in the sun. It appreciates forest-type soils: fairly light, cool and not too calcareous.

  • In order to facilitate future harvests, plant the raspberries along iron wires (stretched between stakes spaced 5 m apart) on which you will trellis the long vining stems.
  • Plan between the feet at least 60 cm.

The raspberry can be planted anywhere in our regions. Knowing that he fears the heat more than the cold. It can be grown up to 1,600 m altitude; it is then necessary to count a flowering delay of 10 days per 300 m. From June to September, watch the watering carefully, check that the soil remains cool. This plant grows in any soil but prefers light, cool and rich soils.

  • Regularly bring organic matter to its foot: lawn mowing, straw manure, etc.

When plantingtake care to make holes large enough to distribute the roots evenly, and to bury the 3 eyes located above the collar of the young plant.

How to take care of a raspberry bush planted in calcareous soil?

the raspberry bush tolerates a little limestone, but it prefers a rich, fresh and light soil. It is susceptible to mosaic, a virus carried by aphids which slows its growth and affects young shoots. Yellow stunting, transmitted by nematodes in the soil, results in sickly plants.

In both cases, uproot the shrubs and renew with healthy plants. Change sector and amend the soil with compost and potting soil.

Be careful, raspberries are very sensitive to chemical weeding.

Raspberry planting size

In November, plant 1 or 2 young plants side by side and prune them 30 cm from the ground above an eye. The following 2 years, select the best shoots to obtain a vigorous tuft. The 3e year, fruiting is abundant.

How to protect and treat raspberries naturally?

All berries have shallow roots and all need fresh soil. Provide a permanent cover to their foot: straw, pine bark, thin layers of grass clippings or potash-rich beetroot vinasse. Prefer the contributions of this mineral element (it promotes fruiting) to nitrogen fertilizers.

Attention : aphids ! These insects are annoying, but rarely harmful. Trust ladybugs and other garden helpers to limit colonies. You can also spray your subjects with water mixed with black soap.

How to prune the raspberry?

Raspberry pruning non-remontant

In September, the dry canes that produced in June-July turned brown and dried out. Eliminate them by cutting them at the base. Trellise and prune the still green branches that have not fruited this year. They will produce the next summer harvest.

Evergreen Raspberry Pruning

In September, after harvesting, cut off the ends of the canes that have borne fruit, as they dry out.
In June-July, the canes, which fructified in the fall, bear fruit again. After the early summer harvest, eliminate canes that have produced raspberries by cutting them to ground level. Also remove all the twigs of the year that are not very vigorous or that stray too far from the row.

How to propagate raspberries?

The easiest way is to divide the clumps from December to February to take the most vigorous shoots around the feet. In November, you can also take vigorous root cuttings in pots under cover.

Raspberry harvest

Harvests often start the second year after planting. Harvest the raspberries preferably in the morning in the cool. They are eaten fresh, but you can also make jam, jelly, coulis, sorbet, syrup, alcohol, liqueur and even vinegar.

The most fragrant raspberry varieties

Non-remontant raspberries

Botanical name
Rubus idaeus
Exposure
soft
Soil type
light
Watering
regular
Planting
from September to April.
Cut
at the end of summer.
Harvest
in June and July.

Our advice: this shrub with small fruits accepts slightly less frequent watering

Non-remontant raspberry ‘Violet’
early, this slightly thorny variety gives purplish red, juicy and very aromatic fruits.
Non-remontant raspberry ‘Meco’
its production of bright red fruits, very fragrant, is spread over 5 weeks.
Non-remontant raspberry ‘Malling Promise’
large, fragrant, pointed fruit. Maturity: June to mid-July.
Non-remontant raspberry Malling Exploit
very large fruit. Protect from strong winds. Maturity: end of June to end of July.
Non-remontant raspberry ‘Rose Cote d’Or’
small aromatic fruit, tender, of very good taste quality. Maturity: July.

Everbearing raspberries

Botanical name
Rubus idaeus
Exposure
soft
Soil type
light
Watering
regular
Planting
from September to April.
Cut
after fruiting.
Harvest
from June to August, September and October

Our advice: very hardy, this raspberry is perfect in the mountains.

raspberry remontant Augustred
this raspberry is of average vigor but provides a good quantity of round, very tasty fruits.
raspberry remontant ‘Legacy’
a great classic! This variety adapts everywhere, it is very productive and always offers very sweet raspberries.
raspberry remontant ‘Zeva’
large purplish red fruit, very fragrant, requiring little training. Maturity: mid-June to mid-July and mid-August to end of September.
raspberry remontant ‘September’
large tasty fruit with spreading production. Avoid at high altitude. Maturity: mid-June to mid-July and mid-September to mid-October.

Raspberry variety: ‘Tayberry’

The raspberry has lent itself to crosses with various species of blackberries to provide new fruit.
It can be ‘Longanberry’, ‘Sunberry’ or ‘Tummelberry’. It is from the crossing of these last two plants that the ‘Tayberry’ results, with long black fruits, tender and so fragrant that they could compete with the best raspberries! The harvest starts in mid-July and lasts 15 days.

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