the phoenix canariensis is one of the most common palms in our climates to adorn our gardens and terraces.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Phoenix canariensis
Family : Palmae or Aracaceae
Kind : Palm tree, tree
Height : Up to 20m
Climate : warm to temperate
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Floor: Ordinary but well drained
Maintenance : Easy – Foliage : Persistent
Presentation of Phoenix canariensis
From a botanical point of view, the Phoenix canariensis (like all palms) is not considered a tree. Indeed, it is devoid of real wood and we do not speak of a trunk, but of stem.
The tall flippers from Phoenix canariensis can measure up to 6 m. They are arched, leathery and have a nice bright green. The leaves consist of leaflets (also called pinnules) lanceolate and acuminate, that is to say that their top ends in a thin and elongated point.
In summer, the palm produces small flowers creamy white to yellow, in panicles. They then turn into clusters of fruits fleshy, inedible, orange-brown to purple in color.
Finally, be careful not to confuse the Canary Islands palm with its cousin the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera). This one is taller and its leaves are fewer and more erect.
Planting of phoenix canariensis
If the Phoenix canariensis can fit all soil typesyou will get better results by installing it in a rich and fertile land. Also avoid soils that are too calcareous and favor a neutral to acidic pH.
- The drought resistance of the Canary Islands palm allows planting spring (March-April) or autumnal (September October).
- For exposure, the Canarian date palm prefers locations sunnyalthough it can adapt to partial shade.
- Not very rustic, the Phoenix canariensis should be planted in regions with mild winters.
Plant a good Phoenix canariensis:
Amend the soil by adding a mixture of compost and sand, in order to improve the fertility and the drainage of the soil. If the ground is too compact, it is even possible to deposit a layer of clay balls or non-calcareous gravel at the bottom of the hole.
Then install the tree in the pit, having previously disaggregated the root ball to release some roots. Then fill the hole by packing the soil well and watering copiously.
Potted Phoenix canariensis:
the Phoenix canariensis adapts very well to pot culture.
Choose one sunny place at least half the day, it will tolerate the spray and a little shade, but be sure to protect from strong winds on the Atlantic coast.
Plant it in a mixture ideally made up of sand, potting soil and topsoil in equal proportions.
For the pot culturehere is how to grow phoenix canariensis in a pot
Canarian Palm Care
Once installed, the Phoenix canariensis does not require specific care. Just watch watering during the first years of palm growth.
Regarding the cut, this is not mandatory. Nevertheless, for aesthetic reasons, it is possible to eliminate the withered palms as well as the panicles of fruit as you go.
Watering the phoenix palm:
Watering is important, especially when it is hot and does not rain for a long time
- Water thoroughly at first, especially in summer
- Be careful not to flood the roots.
- The following years, water regularly, always taking care to save water .
Size of the phoenix canariensis:
No size is really necessary but it is advisable to remove the palms which turn yellow or dry out as you go.
multiplication of Phoenix canariensis
Obtaining new Canarian date palm plants is only possible by carrying out sowing in spring and at a temperature of at least 24°C.
Diseases and pests
All you need to know about the Canary phoenix
In general, the Canary Islands palm is a tree to plant only. If you want to create a set of trees, then accompany it with other palm trees. It is also possible to use the Phoenix canariensis as an avenue tree to adorn a long driveway.
It supports both drought, cold and the wide variety of soils that make up our territory.
It is mainly found on the Côte d’Azur.
It is a tall, tall palm that grows quite quickly when given enough water.
With global warming helping and without taking too many risks, it is quite possible to grow this palm tree on the Atlantic coast, from Biarritz to Brittany.
Finally, thanks to its slow growth, the Canary Island date palm is also an excellent plant potoften grown indoors.