heavy vehicle

Before getting behind the wheel, the driver must ensure that a circle check has been carried out on his vehicle within the last 24 hours.

This measure came into force on November 20, 2016.

In short

The circle check is a visual and auditory examination of the accessible elements of the vehicle, which allows:

  • detect defects as soon as possible
  • promptly inform the operator and the owner
  • to prevent the operation of the vehicle when its condition is likely to cause an accident or breakdown

Attention!

The driver must make sure to carry out the checks in a safe manner.

Vehicles targeted by the circle check

  • Vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,500 kg or more
    • Ambulance
    • Cement mixer
    • Tanker
    • Fire truck
    • carrier truck
    • snow plow
    • Van
    • Pickup
    • Trailer
    • Semi-trailer
    • Road tractor
    • emergency response vehicle
    • Equipment transport vehicle (compressor, drill, concrete pump, crane on truck chassis)
  • Combinations of road vehicles where the GVWR of at least one of the vehicles is 4,500 kg or more
    For instance :
  • Buses, minibuses and tow trucks (regardless of their GVWR)
    For instance :
    • Coach
    • Minibus
    • School bus
    • Paratransit minibus
    • City bus
    • Tow truck (all types)
  • Road vehicles with a GVWR of less than 4,500 kg transporting hazardous materials that require the application of hazard identification plates

Vehicles exempt from the circle check

  • Tool vehicles
    • Grader
    • Wheel loader (loader)
    • Backhoe
  • Heavy vehicles required by an emergency service or in the event of a disaster
  • Farm tractors
  • Agricultural machinery (e.g. combine harvester)
  • Farm trailers (ex: hay trailer owned by a farmer and used for agricultural purposes)
  • Heavy vehicles used by a natural person for personal purposes, i.e. non-commercial or professional (e.g. truck used to move his belongings)
  • Two- or three-axle straight trucks used in any of the following circumstances:
    • transportation of primary products from a farm, forest or body of water, if the driver or operator of the truck is the producer
    • return after this transport, if the truck is empty or if it is transporting products used for the main operation of a farm, a forest or a body of water

Driver’s liability

Before getting behind the wheel, the driver must ensure that a circle check has been carried out on the vehicle within the last 24 hours.

The circle check of the vehicle can be carried out by the driver or by a person designated by the operator. In the latter case, it is the operator who becomes responsible for it and the driver can accept or refuse it.

  • If he accepts it, the driver ensures that the round is valid (done within the last 24 hours) and countersigns the round report to certify that he has read it. The driver is then not held responsible for the round, but he remains responsible for keeping the report up to date and for reporting any defects he observes along the way.
  • If he refuses it, the driver must repeat the round.

Buses, minibuses, tow trucks and emergency vehicles

In addition to the rule above, the driver may countersign the patrol report made by the previous driver, even if the latter is not a person designated by the operator to carry out the patrol.

  • If he accepts it, the driver ensures that the round is valid (done within the last 24 hours) and countersigns the round report to certify that he has read it. The driver is then held responsible for the patrol carried out by the previous driver since it was not carried out by a person designated by the operator. The driver must also keep the report up to date and report any defects he finds along the way.
  • If he refuses it, the driver must repeat the round.

Main components covered by the circle check

  1. Coupling
  2. Chassis and body
  3. Heating and defrosting
  4. Driver controls
  5. Direction
  6. Windscreen wipers and washers
  7. Emergency equipment
  8. Headlights and lights
  9. Tires
  10. Doors and other exits
  11. Mirrors and glazing
  12. Wheels, Hubs and Fasteners
  13. Headquarters
  14. Suspension
  15. Fuel system
  16. Exhaust system
  17. Electric brake system
  18. Hydraulic brake system
  19. Air brake system
  20. Passenger transport

Circle check report

The person carrying out the circle check must complete the circle check report and note their observations.

The report must contain:

  • the license plate number of the vehicle or the unit number entered on the registration certificate
  • the name of the operator
  • the date and time the round was made
  • the municipality or place on the road where the round was made
  • defects noted during the trip
  • the defects observed during the circle check of the vehicle (if there are none, it must also be indicated)
  • the name of the person who made the round (in block letters and legible)
  • a statement signed by the driver, or by the person who conducted the inspection, attesting that the vehicle has been inspected according to the applicable requirements
  • if applicable, the signature of the driver who did not carry out the round himself, to certify that he has read the report and accepted the round
  • odometer reading if the vehicle has one

Electronic format

Although the regulations clearly specify the elements that must be in the circle check report, nothing specifies the format in which it must be produced. Thus, the use of an electronic document is permitted, but it must meet the requirements of the Law concerning the legal framework of information technologies. Consult Appendix 6 – Circle check report (PDF, 10.6 MB) guide The circle check to know more.

Lists of defects

The list of defects is a cheat sheet concerning the components to be checked as well as the defects to detect on a vehicle. It makes it possible to determine whether the defects noted during the circle check are minor Where majors.

There are three lists of defects that apply to the circle check.

  • List 1: Heavy vehicles, excluding those covered by lists 2 and 3
  • List 2: Buses (except coaches), minibuses and trailers towed by a bus, minibus or coach
  • List 3: Coach exclusively

In the event of a defect

All persons concerned have a duty to intervene when the mechanical condition of a vehicle presents anomalies. Those that pose an immediate or short-term risk to road safety are referred to as major or minor defects.

Minor defect

A minor defect does not present an immediate risk to the safety of the driver and other road users, but can deteriorate quickly in certain cases. A vehicle with a minor defect can no longer be driven after 48 hours if the defect is not repaired and the vehicle declared compliant by a road vehicle inspection agent.

Major defect

A major defect presents an immediate risk to the safety of the driver and other road users. A vehicle with this type of defect cannot be driven.

Operator Responsibilities

Operator Responsibilities

The operator must ensure:

  • that a circle check report is placed in each vehicle
  • the designated person performs the circle check
  • that the driver keeps the circle check report on board the vehicle
  • to sign the copy of the circle check report if there is a defect
  • to inform the owner without delay of the presence of a defect
  • send the owner a copy of the circle check report

Retention of the circle check report

For each heavy vehicle, the operator must keep a copy of the documents relating to the circle check for a period of at least 6 months.

Owner Responsibilities

The owner must:

  • maintain vehicles in good condition
  • correct any defect reported to it
    • minor defect: the owner has 48 hours to have the necessary repairs carried out in order to maintain the right to circulate the vehicle
    • major defect: the vehicle loses its right to travel until the necessary repairs have been carried out
  • obtain circle check reports from the operator

Retention of the circle check report

For each heavy vehicle, the owner must keep:

  • a copy of the documents relating to the circle check for a period of at least 6 months
  • any document attesting to the repair of the defects noted for a period of at least 12 months

For all the details concerning the circle check, consult the guide The circle check (PDF, 10.6 MB) and summary tables of main new features (administrative section) (PDF, 235.6 KB) and new minor and major defects (PDF, 222.4 KB).

Updates

You can be notified by email each time the guide is updated The circle check by completing this subscription form.

Last modification: May 17, 2022

By Me

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *