strawberry plant

Strawberry is a plant that appreciates its strawberries, fruits with tender and fragrant flesh.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Fragaria vesca
Family : Rosaceae
Kind : Fruit-bearing perennial, fruit tree

Height
: 15 to 20m
Exposure : Sun, partial shade
Floor : Rich and well drained

Foliage
: Lapsed – Harvest : April to October

Planting, caring for and watering strawberries play a major role in improving the strawberry harvest.

Strawberry planting

strawberry plantingThe strawberry plant is planted, spring to the end of summer Where in autumn.

September is often said to be the best time. Can also plant strawberry in spring.

  • Remove weeds and hoe the ground.
  • Fertilize the soil when planting with compost.
  • Space each plant at least 30 cm apart.
  • If you have several rows, space each row about 40 cm apart
  • The collar should be at ground level

>> To discover: Strawberry video >>

Strawberry maintenance

strawberry maintenanceIt’s important to remove stolons As things progress. The runners are the long stems that come to take root and that uselessly draw on the resources of your fruit tree.

Mulch the foot strawberries to maintain good humidity throughout the summer. It also prevents strawberries from touching the ground.

Treat in the spring against aphids and against the powdery mildew.

  • You can choose a global treatment against strawberry diseases
  • Avoid the use of chemicals as remember the strawberries will be eaten
  • Every 4 years, restore vigor to your strawberries by carrying out a strawberry layering

Strawberry watering:

Strawberries are very water-intensive and should be watered regularly, especially in hot weather.

Strawberry plant in winter

In winter, severe frosts can affect the cultivation of your strawberries.

  • A mulch is almost essential there in case of severe frosts.
  • Snow can be enough to protect from the cold but it is not always present
  • So have a good layer of dried leaves, straws, flax or hemp mulch, depending on what you have available

Potted Strawberry

potted strawberryIf you have a terrace or a balcony, it is quite possible to grow the frose to incht or even in planter and thus enjoy beautiful strawberries from spring to late summer.

You will then prefer planting in the spring rather than in the fall by buying plants that are already well formed and which you will install in a good soil mixed with soil.

Avoid situations that are too hot and water often.

Strawberry harvest

strawberry harvestThere are 2 types of strawberries, the non-remontant strawberry which offers only one strawberry production cycle and whose harvest lasts from 25 to 45 days.

The second type of strawberry plant, called strawberry plant can produce from spring until the first fall frosts.

  • Pick the very ripe strawberries every 2 or 3 days as needed and handling the strawberry plant with care so as not to damage the remaining fruit

Strawberry diseases

The strawberries are not very susceptible to diseases and/or insects and you will avoid unpleasant surprises by following these few tips.

  • Do not over tighten the plants as this promotes the appearance of fungus

Among the possible diseases

– L’red spider : frequent, especially in hot and dry years.

– The Phytophthora (underground fungus): gives a bluish red color to the leaves, then they wither when it is hot. The plants remain fragile and the fruits take on a bad taste.

– The botrytis or gray rot, covers the leaves, the flowers and then the fruits with a gray down. In this case, the fruits must be destroyed.

– L’powdery mildew : results in a whitish dusting on and under the leaves, they curve in the shape of a spoon and take on reddish tints. The fruits form poorly and wither.

black spot disease : develops on fruits already ripe or in the process of ripening.

Chlorosis : frequent in calcareous soils.

Strawberry varieties

varieties of strawberries

Here is a selection of beautiful varieties of strawberries according to their harvest period or their particularities.

  • “Belrubi” : harvest at the end of June, productive, susceptible to powdery mildew.
  • “Charlotte” heart-shaped, harvest from May to November, it is juicy and smells of wild strawberry. It is remontant and produces several times a year.
  • strawberries tree“Cifloret” : elongated, harvest from March to July, fine, sweet and juicy flesh.
  • “Darselect” : a very round strawberry, harvested in the spring, both sweet, aromatic and tasty.
  • “Favette” : harvest in May, production from April in the South.
  • “Gariguette” : vermilion red, harvest from April to June.
  • “Gorella” : harvest from May to July, avoid in a climate that is too hot and if your soil is calcareous.
  • “Mara of the woods” : harvest from May to October, juicy, it is a real perfume of wild strawberry. Both sweet and very aromatic.
  • “Ostara” : harvest from May to October, fine and tasty, it fears drought.
  • “Rabunda” : harvest from June to October, productive, disease resistant.
  • Discover 6 varieties of strawberries to plant absolutely

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